News from the IAAEU

 

Announcements


  • IAAEU and HSI host a conference
    In cooperation with the Hugo Sinzheimer Institut Frankfurt, the IAAEU hosts a conference on Friday, the 22nd of September 2017 entitled "Social Pillar - Social Europe - International Labour law as a stimulus for better social integration - aspirations and reality". Further information can be found here.


  • Economic Colloquium at the IAAEU
    In October, the new season of the Economic Colloquium at the IAAEU will start. We are pleased to welcome Eva Erhardt (University of Mainz) as a lecturer. Further information can be found here.

 

Prizes, Distinctions & News


  • The IAAEU welcomes Jonas Feld

    Since October 1st, 2017 the IAAEU has a new employee. Mr. Jonas Feld, M.Sc., has joined the economics working group.  Between 2010 and 2015 he earned his Bachelor Degrees in Economics and Political Science from Trier University.  During this time he also spent one year at Lancaster University in England. From 2015 to 2017, he further studied Economics in a double master’s program, earning a M.Sc. in Economics at Trier University and a Magister in International Economics from University of Warsaw. So far, his main research interests focus international trade and labor market economics.  We are very excited about the collaboration and wish Mr. Feld all the best during his doctoral studies.


  • Adrian Chadi Follows the Call to a Junior Professorship

    After five years of post-doctoral research at the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU), Dr. Adrian Chadi will be assuming a W1-Junior Professorship for Personnel Economics and Human Resource Management at the University of Konstanz, beginning on the 1st of October, 2017. The IAAEU congratulates Adrian Chadi for his honourable calling to Konstanz, thanks him for his exceptional work and wishes him all the best during this new phase of his academic career.  When he arrives in Konstanz, Adrian Chadi will continue to research along lines he has pursued at the IAAEU, where he published a number of high-profile studies in the area of personnel economics (see: Oxford Economic PapersManagement Science and Journal of Economics & Management Strategy). In the future, his research will become more focused on behavioral economic aspects, due in part to the excellent resources for this work at the University of Konstanz, both in terms of personnel and organizational structures. Adrian Chadi will also maintain a strong connection with the IAAEU, not least due to several joint research projects, be it on educational economics or in the area of labour market research.


  • W2 Professorship for Lars Hornuf
    After almost three years, Junior Professor Dr. Lars Hornuf will be leaving the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) to follow the call to a W2 Professorship in Business Administration, dealing in particular with finance services, at the University of Bremen. Following Vanessa Mertins who, in 2015, assumed a W2 Professorship at the University of Vechta, as well as Mario Mechtel, Sabrina Jeworrek and Adrian Chadi who have all been name W1 Professors, Dr. Hornuf’s move to Bremen is a shining example of the IAAEU’s personnel politics. During his time at the IAAEU, Lars Hornuf finished a DFG project on crowdinvesting which he began before moving to the IAAEU, won two competitive calls for proposals from the Federal Ministry for Finances and published 17 articles in journals including, among others, the International Review of Law and Economics, the Journal of Corporate Finance, the California Management Review as well as Small Business Economics.  The excellent conditions for research at the institute also allowed him to take part in 53 national and international workshops and conferences. Among those events attended were the annual conferences of the American Law and Economics Association at Columbia and Yale Law School, the European Finance Association and the European Economic Association as well as the Law and Economics Forum of the London School of Economics. In addition, Lars Hornuf was invited to be a panelist at this year’s G20 Finance Conference in Wiesbaden. During his time at the IAAEU, he was also a Visiting Research Fellow at the Social Science Research Institute, Duke University as well as Visiting Researcher at the Georgetown Law School. He was also named Affiliate Member of the CESifo Research Network, Research Fellow at the Centers of Finance of the University of Regensburg as well as Affiliated Research Fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for Innovation and Competition.

    Lars Hornuf’s research at the University of Bremen will be focused on the digitalisation of the finance and innovation markets. He will continue to work in cooperation with the IAAEU through a joint research project which was recently approved for funding by the DFG on the topic of "Crowdsourcing as a New Form of Labour Organisation: Regulation Requirements and Welfare Effects."


  • IAAEU Secures a Third-Party Funded Project from the DFG
    The Directors of the IAAEU, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter and Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke, together with Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf, were able to secure a third-party funded project from the German Research Foundation (DFG) in August 2017.  The project deals with crowdsourcing as a new form of labour organisation and studies specifically the regulatory requirements and welfare effects of crowdsourcing.  The research project is scheduled to run for 3 years with a funding of € 460,000 in total.  These resources will be used primarily to fund three research positions with the duties of investigating economic and legal aspects of crowdworking. The economic portion of the research project will be lead in large by Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf, who, beginning on the 1st of October 2017, will be assuming a professorship at the University of Bremen. Dr. Thomas Klein (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) will be the coordinating partner at the IAAEU.

  • IAAEU research on the effects of work-related changes

    Are employees happier, when they change their job? Adrian Chadi and his long-standing co-author Clemens Hetschko (FU Berlin) are investigating this question in various research projects. The results of the two researchers have meanwhile led to a great response in both national and international media. Recently, Clemens Hetschko has been interviewed for the print edition of the Süddeutsche Zeitung (please find the article here). Last year, the British newspaper Guardian already reported on the research of Chadi and Hetschko in a contribution.  The focus of the study was the influence of job changes on overall life satisfaction of the employees. The corresponding study is available as an IAAEU Discussion Paper and can be downloaded here free of charge. In a second study, Chadi and Hetschko analyzed, whether job satisfaction is dependent of job changes. The investigation was recently accepted for publication in the “Journal of Economics & Management Strategy” and analyzed the satisfaction of employees after a voluntary job change. In order to experience the so-called “Honeymoon-Effect” of higher job satisfaction in a new environment himself, Adrian Chadi will hold a junior professorship for personnel economics and human research management at the University of Constanze  on 1 October.


  • Dr. Thomas Klein as Expert Witness before the German Parliamentary Committee for Labour and Social Affairs

    On the 19th of June 2017, the German Parliamentary Committee for Labour and Social Affairs hosted an expert panel in public session to review the bills from the CDU/CSU and SPD concerning the protection of social security processes under collective agreements and changes to labour court laws (the bill can viewed in German under the Bundestagsdrucksache 18/12510. The law was intended to insure the binding character of a series of social security agreements after newer judgements from the Federal Labour Court cast doubts about the legal legitimacy of past claims to universal applicability based on collective agreement legislation. While a law had been passed to protect such agreements in the construction sector (Sozialkassenverfahrensicherungsgesetz – SokaSiG vom 16. Mai 2017, BGBl. I, pp. 1210), a law for which Dr. Klein was engaged as an expert witness before the parliamentary committee, the new bill was intended to extend the protection to a further eleven sectors (e.g. the painter and varnisher craft, the roofing trade, the baking craft, the bread and industrial baking industry as well as for editors of daily newspapers). Beyond that, the bill proposes changes to labour court laws with the intention of increasing the efficacy of legal protections in social security litigation.

    In his statement to the committee, Dr. Klein expressed his strong support for the bill. The proposed provisions were advisable in order to protect social security processes under collective agreements and to ensure legal certainty. Neither were there grounds for constitutional objections to the proposed legislation. He argued, however, that the bill did not go far enough as it included only the protection of the universal applicability of collective social security agreements. The newer judgements from the federal labour court called into question the universal applicability of a large number of collective agreements. With this in mind, Dr. Klein suggested a supplement to the bill. Dr. Klein’s written testimony to the committee can be found under the following link.


  • Dr. Ulrich Ziehran as a visiting researcher at the IAAEU

    From the 15th until the 17th of May 2017, Ulrich Zierahn was a visiting scientist at the IAAEU. Currently he is employed as a Senior Researcher at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW, Mannheim) and conducts research on the ramifications of technological change, international trade and offshoring. During his research residence in Trier, Mr. Ziehran collaborated with Dr. Marco de Pinto on the third-party funded project "Local labour markets – The causes and consequences of spatial differences in labour market outcomes across cities in France and Germany". The researchers investigated the reallocation of labor caused by the increasing international integration.

  • Workshop for applied microeconomics in Marburg

    On the 25th and the 26th of May 2017, the second Workshop for applied microeconomics took place in Marburg. As in previous years, the workshop was organized by Prof. Dr. Tim Friehe (Marburg University). In addition to the initiator Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke (Director of the economic research team at the IAEAU), Prof. Dr. Eberhard Feess (member of the board of trustees) and Dr. Marco de Pinto (research associate at the IAAEU) participated in the workshop. While Laszlo Goerke presented the results of his research paper "Unionization and Firm-selection – the Role of Firm-specific Bargaining Power", Marco de Pinto gave a lecture on "Unionization and Firm-selection – the Role of Firm-specific Bargaining Power". Florian Baumann, Evelyn Korn, Elisabeth Schulte and Alexander Rasch also participated in this year’s workshop.

  • Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter reported on the relevance of Public International Law at the 11th Hans-Böckler-Form

    In cooperation with the Hugo Sinzheimer Institute (HSI), the Hans-Böckler Foundation (HBS) hosted the 11th Hans-Böckler-Form on Labour-and Social Security Law in Berlin on the 2nd and 3rd of March 2017. The event focused on the consequences and implications of digitalisation and internationalisation on international labour markets. In front of approximately 650 participants, Prof. Monika Schlachter opened the conference with a lecture on the relevance of international labour law for national law. Furthermore, Anette Kramme, undersecretary at the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ingrid Schmidt, President of the German Federal Labour Court, Francois Biltgen, judge at the European Court of Justice, Prof. Ulrich Preis, researcher at the University of Cologne and Prof. Franz Josef Düwell, former judge at the Federal Court Labour, all held lectures at the Forum. In addition, researchers in six parallel forums discussed various topics, ranging from the Bundesteilhabegesetz (BTHG), the reformation of care, current developments in collective bargaining law to corporate co-determination. A detailed documentation of the conference can be found on the website of the HBS.

  • Lars Hornuf at G20 Conference
    At the invitation of the German Federal Bank, representatives of the G20, the private sector as well as scientific experts from different universities discussed on digitization opportunities in the financial sector on the 25th of January. Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf insisted on the importance of further research on finance technology to determine the utitlity as well as possible risks of the digitization processes. The empirical results can offer implications, how the real economy can benefit from these innovative markets. Further information can be found here.


  • Current Study on FinTech Markets

    In a recently conducted empirical study, Prof. Dr. Gregor Dorfleitner and Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf (IAAEU and Trier University) investigated the market volumes of German FinTech companies between 2007 and 2015. The objective of the data collection is to predict the market development of eight FinTech-segments until the year of 2035. Further information can be found here.

  • Publication on employment protection of disabled persons

    In December 2016, the German Bundestag and Bundesrat passed a law enhancing the protection of self-determination and social participation of persons with disabilities (Bundesteilhabegesetz). The bill will enter into force in several stages. The first revisions became effective beginning 30 December 2016 and have several impacts for the protection from dismissal. Contrary to the previous law, the lack of representation by a before the termination of disabled employees, now leads to the invalidity of the dismissal (§95, Abs. 2, S. 3, SGB IX). In his recent publication "Der Kündigungsschutz schwerbehinderter Arbeitnehmer nach dem Bundesteilhabegesetz" (forthcoming in: Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Issue 12/2017: 852-856), Dr. Thomas Klein analyses the legal reorganization as well as specific problems of the interpretations associated with it.


  • Dr. Thomas Klein at the Federal Committee on Labour and Social Affairs

    On the 23rd of January 2017, a public hearing concerning a draft law of CDU/CSU and SPD group members on social security schemes in the construction sector (Sozialkassenverfahrensicherungsgesetz – SokaSiG – BT-Drs. 18/10631) took place in the Committee on Labour and Social Affairs of the German Bundestag. A total of 12 experts, including representatives from employers’ associations, trade unions and individual experts of the scientific community were consulted. Dr. Thomas Klein (research associate at the IAAU) participated as an expert on questions of constitutionality and the design of the draft law. A written statement by Dr. Klein, which has been submitted in advance of the hearing, can be consulted on the website of the German Bundestag. Furthermore, the journal Arbeit und Recht (AuR No. 2/2017) will publish an article of Dr. Klein on social security schemes in the construction sector.


  • Thomas Klein and Dominik Leist on the Compatibility of German Corporate Co-Determination and European Union Law
    After a submission by the Court of Appeals in Berlin, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) will make a decision on the compatibility of German corporate co-determination with European Union law. The motivation for the submission was the electoral rules of German co-determination laws. According to these rules, only the domestically employed have both the active and passive right to vote for the supervisory board. Critics have expressed doubt in the jurisprudential literature about the legitimacy of this rule under European law. Thomas Klein (IAAEU) and Dominik Leist (Trier University) have, in keeping with the submission to the ECJ, investigated the legal situation and have come to the conclusion that neither the anti-discrimination clause from Article 18 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) nor the guarantee of free movement of workers under Article 45 of the TFEU conflict with German labour law. Their work can be read in German at the Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht (ZESAR) and has already been noticed and commented upon in the Böckler-Impuls 16/2016.


  • ANR-DFG-Project - The causes and consequences of spatial differences in labour market outcomes across cities in France and Germany
    Together with researchers from the Centre for European Economic Research in Mannheim (ZEW), from the University of Münster and the Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Dr. Marco de Pinto (IAAEU & Trier University) was able to obtain third-party funding for the above named project. This project explores the causes and effects of the disparities between local labour markets in France and in Germany. On the one hand, the project will investigate why there are significant regional differences respective wage, firm productivity, labour or even cost of living. On the other hand, the reallocation of labour within specific regions will also be analysed, specifically as it is increasingly influenced by international integration. The findings have the potential to show which economic policy reactions will be of greatest benefit for the sometimes considerably different local labour markets. The analysis will take place within a theoretically founded empirical research framework based on French and German administrative microdata (DADs and LIAB). The research project is funded by the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and the ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche). Funding of up to 300,000€ over 36 months has been allocated for this project.

  • Conference "European Union and the Council of Europe – Interrelation on Fundamental (Social) Rights" in the event series "International Labour Standards"

    On Wednesday the 25th of November, the Hugo Sinzheimer Institute (HSI) together with the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) kicked off their conference "European Union and the Council of Europe – Interrelation on Fundamental (Social) Rights" in the IG Bau building in Frankfurt am Main. This conference was the start of a new series of events titled "International Labour Standards." Events in the series will be held every two years, moving back and forth between HSI in Frankfurt am Main and the IAAEU in Trier. After introductory words from Dr. Johannes Heuschmid (Deputy Director of the HSI) Prof. Jochen Abr. Frowein (Max-Planck-Institute Foreign Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg and former Vice-President of the European Commission on Human Rights) opened the event with a lecture on the developments in and background of European fundamental social rights. Following that, François Biltgen (Judge at the European Court of Law) and Prof. Monika Schlachter (Director of the IAAEU und Professor at the University of Trier) illuminated the current influence of instruments stemming from the European Council on fundamental social rights in the EU from the perspectives of the European Court of Law and academia. The second thematic block was dedicated to the accession process of the EU and the instruments available to the European Council when confronted with a negative assessment of an accession application by the European Court of Law. On that topic, Dr. Dieter Kraus (Speaker in the Cabinet of the President of the Chamber in the European Court of Law) presented the most significant points of criticism from the European Court of Justice’s assessment. Following that, Prof. Jörg Polakiewicz (Director of the Department for Law and International Law for the European Council and Professor at the University of Saarland) spoke about the accession process from the perspective of the European Council. Prof. Olivier de Schutter (Professor at the Catholic Universtiy Loewen, Belgium and the College of Europe, Poland) ended the conference with a presentation over the possibility of a European Union entry into the revised European Social Charter. Guests included around 100 researchers from several EU member states, who were all invited to participate in post-lecture discussions moderated by Prof. Manfred Weiss (Professor at the Goethe-University Frankfurt and Chair of the HSI advisory board). A conference report will be published in the journal Arbeit und Recht (AuR).


 

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